The coastline of India is undergoing changes due to several human interventions. Most of the shoreline changes are on account of the structures which have been constructed along the foreshore of the country's coast. Several of these developments are not compatible with the dynamic nature of the shoreline. Because of these factors, it has become imperative to identify areas subject to both long- and short-term erosion, since in most cases, rates of erosion have enhanced during the past decade. The National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management, Ministry of Environment and Forests, has mapped the coastline to enhance India's preparedness to face sea hazards like storm surge and tsunami.
NCSCM has successfully completed the National Shoreline Change Assessment for the entire coast of mainland India with the extensive use of GIS technology. Currently, GIS is used to delineate the coastal sediment cells (a.k.a. coastal littoral cells) to prepare a shoreline management plan for the entire countryâ??s coastline. In addition, NCSCM has also proposed to prepare an online decision support system for integrated coastal zone management plan, jointly with Esri.
As coastal populations continue to grow, and community infrastructures are threatened by erosion, there has been an increased demand for accurate information regarding shoreline changes. NCSCM has successfully completed the "National Shoreline Change Assessment" for the entire coast of mainland India with the extensive use of GIS Technology. The study has provided sound technical and analytical information to develop recommendations for coastal sediment management and the roles of the Central and State government's participation in shoreline management.
For this unique and appealing application of GIS technology in holistic assessment of shoreline change, ESRI India is pleased to honor NCSCM, Chennai with ESRI India SAG (Special achievement in GIS) award for the year 2012.